Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most important public health problems in the 21st century. India has a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and the numbers are increasing every year, estimated to be 79.4 million by the year 2030.
Complications are responsible for most of the costs of diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to lifelong complications associated with increased morbidity and mortality like diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy, and cardiovascular disease, it also causes heavy financial burden to the society. Many patients are aware that they have diabetes only when they develop one of its complications.
Knowledge of Diabetes can reduce the incidence of complications. Although much effort has been taken to educate the diabetic patients about diabetes through various forms of media, it is not known how much of them actually know about diabetes and its complications. There are only a few data on the level of awareness and knowledge about diabetes in developing countries like India.
Diabetic nephropathy is also known as macroalbuminuria characterized by Persistent albuminuria, Progressive decline in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), elevated arterial blood pressure. Severe damage can lead to kidney failure. This may require dialysis and kidney transplant.
Diabetic neuropathy is characterized by prolonged elevated levels of blood glucose. Excessive sugar levels can damage blood vessels that nourish nerves. Symptoms includes pain and numbness in upper and lower extremities to problems with your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart.
Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina and severe damage can leads to blindness. This also increases the risk of vision conditions, such as cataracts and glaucoma.
Skin and Foot complications
Diabetes may leads to skin problems includes bacterial and fungal infections. Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. Cuts and blisters can develop serious infections, which often heal poorly. These infections may ultimately require toe, foot or leg amputation.
Diabetes can increase the risk of hearing damage.
Diabetes may leads to Alzheimer’s disease. Especially Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Poor control of blood sugar increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
Several studies show that awareness of the DM in the general population seems to be low. Increasing patient knowledge regarding diabetes and its complications would help them to assess their risks, motivate to seek proper care and treatment. Compliance of patients will also increase and thereby it decreases the complications associated with the disease. Awareness and knowledge about diabetes among diabetic patients were less in our study populations. Hence Pro360 had taken steps behind to extend the diabetic health programs in mass campaigns to improve their knowledge about diabetes. They give awareness campaigns to many people about diabetes dangerous and serious amputations if not intake essential proteins.
The aim of the campaign has been to convey and promote the message that it is possible to reduce amputation rates through prevention, aggressive management of existing diabetes and the provision of appropriate education for people with diabetes and healthcare professionals. The campaigns will mainly be carried out in rural areas, shopping malls and main areas are expected to bring about change through an interactive approach. They received a huge response from people for the special checkup and attention given to the people on diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy, foot ulcer and blood sugar level. In totality many beneficiaries were participated and taken benefit on the campaign lasted for diabetes.